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Back injury

The human back is a multiplex structure of nerves, muscles, ligaments, bones, and other tissues extending from neck to pelvis. Back injuries occur as a result of accidents at work, sports injuries, or a sudden shock such as a car accident. However even routine office work can worsen back pain if you fall into risky habits. Most of the time people suffer from lower back injury due to trying to lift weights which are too heavy for them or lifting them incorrectly. That is why the lower back is the most common area for back pain and back injuries in general.

Back injuries are very dangerous and can cause a lot pain, discomfort and restricted mobility, disability and paralysis for the rest of the person’s life. Even minor back injury, if it is repeated, can cause damage and end your career.

The most common back injuries are:

  • Herniated disks;
  • Strains and sprains;
  • Fractured vertebrae.

Herniated discs usually occur in the lower back and are a common cause of back pain. Repeated overuse during bending, lifting, etc. can lead to degeneration of the outer layer of the disc, which allows the gel-like centre of the disc to prolapse.

The onset of back pain is sudden and severe and it can be made even worse by bending and protracted sitting. Coughing and sneezing increase the pressure within the disc and can exacerbate the pain.

Herniated disc symptoms:

  • Back pain, which is made worse by bending and sitting;
  • Weakness and pain, or altered sensation in the buttock, hamstring, calf and foot;
  • Back muscle spasm.

Strain and Sprain

The back is prone to this strain because of its weight-bearing function and involvement in bending, twisting and moving. Back (lumbar) muscle strain is caused when muscle fibres are abnormally torn or stretched. Lumbar sprain is caused when ligaments are torn from their attachments. When the back is strained or sprained, the soft tissues become inflamed and cause pain. This may also cause muscle spasms. Back strain or sprain may be very debilitating.


  • Pain that persists for a maximum of 10-14 days;
  • Stiffness in the low back area restricting motion;
  • Inability to maintain normal posture due to pain;
  • Muscle spasms.

Fractured vertebrae

Fracture of bones of the spinal column (vertebrae) of the lower lumbar or/and middle (thoracic) part is a very serious injury. The spinal cord may also be injured, depending on the severity of the fracture. Fractured vertebrae usually occur as a result of high-energy trauma such as a car crash, fall from height or sports accident. The spinal cord may also be injured, depending on the severity of the fracture. Due to the way in which this injury occurs, people often have other life-threatening injuries as well.


  • Moderate to severe back pain that is made worse by movement;
  • Numbness, tingling, weakness, or bowel/bladder dysfunction may occur.

Never attempt to move someone with such spinal injury because movement can cause more damage. The best thing to do is to call the ambulance.

Many occupations may place significant demands on your back and if you have suffered any of these back injuries you may not be able to continue your duties. If you suffer from a back injury which has happened as a result of somebody’s negligence you have a right to make a claim, whether on the grounds of lack of training due to your employers not fulfilling their responsibilities, road traffic accident or slip and trip.

So if you think you are entitled to claim call us on 0800 098 8128 or fill in a short claim online form and we will get back to you as soon as we can.

We guarantee to work for you to maximise the amount of compensation paid by the insurance company.*

*Subject to our charges & terms agreed